ISSN : 2663-2187

Cellular responses to pathogens and immune modulators

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Aleruchi, Chuku , Olukayode Olugbenga Orole, Isaac Ageje , Gerald Agu, Hassan Ikrima and Maichibi Mugla
ยป doi: 10.33472/AFJBS.4.4.2022.127-133


Parasites, fungi and bacteria enter human and animal body systems causing chronic infections after evading the immune system of the host using diverse mechanisms and techniques. Responses to parasitic, fungal and bacterial pathogen invasion triggers specific immunoglobin response that elicit immune activation through receptors on macrophages, natural killer cells and dendritic cells, mast cells, eosinophils, and basophils that bind such pathogens and eventually prevent infections.

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