ISSN : 2663-2187

Effect of Sensory-Motor Training on Dynamic Balance in Patients with Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome Associated with Foot Pronation: A Randomized Controlled Trial

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Mostafa I. El-Shafey, Dina S. Abd Allah, Mohamed A. Behiry, Mohammed Shawki Abdelsalam
» doi: 10.33472/AFJBS.6.Si3.2024.284-293


This research aimed to examine the impact of sensory-motor training (SMT) on dynamic balance in patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome associated with foot pronation. Methods: Forty-eight male and female individuals diagnosed with patellofemoral pain syndrome, aged between 18 and 25 years, were randomly divided into two equal groups. The study group (n=24) underwent a regimen of sensory-motor training (SMT) and conventional exercise program, while the control group (n = 24), engaged solely in the conventional exercise program. All patients received three sessions per week for six weeks. Assessments before and following treatment were performed for the dynamic balance through the Y-Balance Test (YBT). Within and between-group comparisons of pre- and post-intervention outcome measures were assessed using paired t-tests and unpaired t-tests, respectively. Results: The comparison within each group revealed notable enhancements in the dynamic balance following treatment, as opposed to before treatment. Additionally, the analysis between groups demonstrated significant statistical disparities favoring the study group over the control group. Conclusions: Adding sensory-motor training into a conventional exercise program has demonstrated greater advantages on dynamic balance; compared to solely utilizing the conventional exercise program, due to notable enhancements in dynamic balance.

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