ISSN : 2663-2187

Molecular and immunological study of hepatitis viral in children in Ramadi City

Main Article Content

Ghaith M. Ahmad, Noor Naji Al-Hayani, Ammar M. Abdulla, Safaa A. Al-Waysi
ยป doi: 10.33472/AFJBS.6.1.2024.110-120


The worldwide prevalence of Viral Hepatitis has been the cause of severe liver diseases and cancers, affecting more than 300 million people. As for the AL-Anbar region in Iraq, this study sheds light on the prevalence rate among children of hepatitis with its three classifications: A, B, and C. Materials and Methods: A retrospective analysis of 127 children aged 6 months to 15 years was performed. Comprehensive diagnostic techniques were utilized on collected blood samples, including biochemical and rapid tests (IgM and IgG detection), ELISA, and rtPCR. Results: Analysis, carried out using IBM SPSS (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences) software, unveiled that Hepatitis A was the predominant infection (39.4%), succeeded by Hepatitis B (33.1%), and Hepatitis C (27.6%). A notable correlation was observed between ELISA and PCR test outcomes for all three types of Hepatitis, reinforcing the efficacy of these diagnostic methods. Conclusion: The substantial prevalence of hepatitis types A, B, and C in the AL-Anbar children's community mandates prompt public health interventions. Emphasizing the need for effective screening, our study highlights the necessity for implementing preventive strategies to curb the spread of these infections.

Article Details