ISSN : 2663-2187

Plant breeding and biotechnology's significance in sustainable agriculture

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Malathi H, Dr Rashmi Mishra, Dr. Neeraj Jain, Meenakshi Dheer, Ashish Kaushal, Mustafa Jawad Kadham
» doi: 10.33472/AFJBS.6.2.2024.24-34

Abstract

The agricultural industry is the primary economical driver, contributing 32% to the gross domestic product (GDP). To sustain the economy, the Agricultural Transformation Agenda is built on an organizational shift approach that prioritizes efficient production. Through the interplay of breeding and agronomy, higher worldwide yields of cereal crops were accomplished during the Green Revolution period. The need to study current Plant Breeding (PB) to develop fresh strains with the potential Despite this, there is still a developing ability to maintain yield stability under unpredictable climatic conditions while producing high yields in low-chemical-input systems thanks to genetic variety. Two such problems are the necessity to find new market niches and the effects of climate change. The time needed to create new cultivars, varieties, and hybrids has been considerably reduced because of biotechnology. Examples of modern breeding methods include doubled haploid state technology in order marker-assisted the breeding process, genetics, genetic counseling, and genome modification. These resources will be emphasized due to their critical function in hastening the creation of market-responsive types, which are essential to the upkeep of long-term agriculture

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