ISSN : 2663-2187

The use of Bacillus subtilis bacteria as a tool to assess the toxicity of pharmaceuticals in the environment

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Williams Kwari Joshua and Yaduma Gaiuson Wandiahyel
ยป doi: 10.33472/AFJBS.3.2.2021.42-49


Pharmaceuticals and personal care products are now known as microcontaminants due to their effects on bacterial resistance and effect on non-targeted organisms. Most recently, these substances have been found in surface water, sewage, hospital and care home wastewaters and landfill. Pharmaceuticals have been known to pose acute and chronic effects especially when exposed at higher concentrations and for longer durations.

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